Textbook chapters (only one of the following books is necessary, the information covered in the concept questions is
found in each of the books).

•        Chapter 6:  Anatomy and Physiology  by OpenStax College
•        Chapter 6:  Visual Anatomy and Physiology by Martini and Ober
•        Sections 7.1 – 7.5:  Hole’s Anatomy and Physiology by Shier, Butler, and Lewis

1.        Describe the main functions of the skeletal system.

Concept Storyline:  Bone Functions

2.        Compare and contrast the structure, function, and location of each of the following bone types:  flat, sutural, long,
irregular, sesamoid, and short.

Concept Storyline:  Bone Types

3.        Compare and contrast the epiphysis, diaphysis, and metaphysis locations of a long bone, including the location
and physiological significance of the epiphyseal line.

Concept Storyline:  Long Bones

4.        Compare and contrast the function and location of spongy bone, compact bone, and bone marrow.

Concept Storyline:  Bone Interior

5.        Compare and contrast the location and function of osteocytes, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts.

Concept Storyline:  Bone Cells

6.        Describe the location and function of the structures associated with an osteon.

Concept Storyline:  Osteon

7.        Compare and contrast the location and function of the primary versus secondary ossification centers as they
relate to the processes of endochondral and intramembranous ossification.

Concept Storyline:  Ossification

8.        Describe the organic and inorganic composition of bone.

Concept Storyline:  Bone Composition

9.        Describe the hormonal regulation of bone growth rate and blood calcium levels.

Concept Storyline:  Blood Calcium and Bone

10.        Describe the steps involved in the repair of a bone fracture.

Concept Storyline:  Bone Fracture
Michelle Murphy, M.S., M.Ed.
Lake Region State College