Textbook chapters (only one of the following books is necessary, the information covered in the concept questions is
found in each of the books).

•        Chapters 19 and 20:  Anatomy and Physiology  by OpenStax College
•        Sections 17.10 – 17.21 and Chapter 18:  Visual Anatomy and Physiology by Martini and Ober
•        Chapter 15:  Hole’s Anatomy and Physiology by Shier, Butler, and Lewis

1.        Identify, in both words and pictures, each of the structures listed.

Cardiovascular Labeling Activities

          More Cardiovascular Labeling Activities

2.        Describe the circulatory relationship between the pulmonary circuit and systemic circuit and how they relate to the
chambers on each the right and left side of the heart.

Concept Storyline:  Cardiovascular Circuits

3.        Describe the relative structure and function of each of the three layers within large blood vessel walls, particularly
as they relate to regulation of blood flow.

Concept Storyline:  Blood Vessel Walls

4.        Describe what a “sinus” refers to in relation to blood vessels, locate the major circulatory sinuses and describe
their role in venous return.

Concept Storyline:  Blood Vessel Sinuses

5.        Describe the relative location, tissue composition, and function of the: myocardium (including the formation of a
functional syncytium), endocardium, epicardium, and pericardium.

Concept Storyline:  Heart Tissue Layers

6.        Describe the role of each of the interior chambers and heart valves in regulating blood flow through the heart.

Concept Storyline:  Heart Anatomy

7.        Describe the characteristics of and relationships between each of the events of the cardiac cycle.

Concept Storyline:  Cardiac Cycle

          Video:  Cardiac Cycle

8.        Describe the two components contributing to cardiac output and how changes in one factor affect the other factor.

Concept Storyline:  Cardiac Output

9.        Understand the conduction pathway structure and signal transmission timeline in the heart, including its
relationship to an electrocardiogram.

Concept Storyline:  Heart Electrical Activity

          Video:  Electrical Activity of the Heart

10.        Describe the role of sodium, calcium, and potassium in the depolarization, plateau, and repolarization phases of
the cardiac action potential.

Concept Storyline:  Cardiac Action Potential

11.        Describe the contributions to total peripheral resistance in the vascular system and the impact of each factor on
blood flow.

Concept Storyline:  Peripheral Resistance

12.        Describe how vessel diameter, blood pressure, and blood flow differ from arteries to arterioles to capillaries to
venules to veins.

Concept Storyline:  Blood Vessel Physiology

          Video:  Blood Pressure

13.        Compare and contrast the capillary hydrostatic pressure and blood colloid osmotic pressure components of net
filtration pressure at the arteriole end versus the venule end of a capillary.

Concept Storyline:  Capillary Net Filtration Pressure
Michelle Murphy, M.S., M.Ed.
Lake Region State College