Textbook chapters (only one of the following books is necessary, the information covered in the concept questions is
found in each of the books).

•        Chapter 23:  Anatomy and Physiology  by OpenStax College
•        Chapter 21:  Visual Anatomy and Physiology by Martini and Ober
•        Chapter 17:  Hole’s Anatomy and Physiology by Shier, Butler, and Lewis

1.        Describe the structure, function, and location of each of the four main tissue layers of the digestive tract.

           
Concept Storyline:  Gastrointestinal Layers

2.        Describe the functional significance of the circular versus longitudinal muscle layer of the digestive system, and
the relationship of each to the processes of peristalsis and segmentation.

           
Concept Storyline:  Peristalsis and Segmentation

3.        Describe the main purpose and structural differences of each of the subdivisions of the digestive tract.

            
Concept Storyline:  Gastrointestinal Function

4.        Describe the source, stimulus, target, and action of each of the following molecules associated with digestion:  
amylase, lipase, nuclease, brush border (intestinal) enzymes, proteolytic enzymes, hydrochloric acid, intrinsic factor,
pepsinogen, pepsin, gastrin, secretin, cholecystokinin, histamine, and bile.

             
Concept Storyline:  Gastrointestinal Enzymes

5.        Compare and contrast the structural and functional differences of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum,
ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon.

             
Concept Storyline:  Intestine Regions

6.        Describe the events and structures involved with each the cephalic, gastric, and intestinal phases of digestion.

             
Concept Storyline:  Digestion Phases

7.        Describe the location of the salivary glands and the contributions of each to the components and function of
saliva.

             
Concept Storyline:  Salivary Glands

8.        Describe the functions of the liver and gallbladder, and explain why the liver has such an extensive blood supply.

             
Concept Storyline:  Liver

9.        Describe the role of the sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system in digestion.

              
Concept Storyline:  GI Nervous System Regulation

10.        Identify, in both words and pictures, the location of each of the structures listed.

           
GI Structure Labeling Practice

           More GI Structure Labeling Practice
Michelle Murphy, M.S., M.Ed.
Lake Region State College